OSHA Training Requirements - Helicopters
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1926.551 – Helicopters
(b) – Briefing. Prior to each day’s operation a briefing shall be conducted. This briefing shall set forth the plan of operation for the pilot and ground personnel.
(n) – Signal systems. Signal systems between aircrew and ground personnel shall be understood and checked in advance of hoisting the load. This applies to either radio or hand signal systems. Hand signals shall be as shown in Figure N-1.
(r) – Communications. There shall be constant reliable communication between the pilot, and a designated employee of the ground crew who acts as a signalman during the period of loading and unloading. This signalman shall be distinctly recognizable from other ground personnel.