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Cranes and Derricks Used in Demo and Underground Const.
OSHA Training Requirements - Cranes and Derricks Used in Demolition and Underground Construction
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1926.1500 – 1926.1501 - Cranes and Derricks Used in Demolition and Underground Construction
1926.1501 - Cranes and derricks.
(a) - General requirements.
(1) - The employer shall comply with the manufacturer's specifications and limitations applicable to the operation of any and all cranes and derricks. Where manufacturer's specifications are not available, the limitations assigned to the equipment shall be based on the determinations of a qualified engineer competent in this field and such determinations will be appropriately documented and recorded. Attachments used with cranes shall not exceed the capacity, rating, or scope recommended by the manufacturer.
(5) - The employer shall designate a competent person who shall inspect all machinery and equipment prior to each use, and during use, to make sure it is in safe operating condition. Any deficiencies shall be repaired, or defective parts replaced, before continued use.
(6) - A thorough, annual inspection of the hoisting machinery shall be made by a competent person, or by a government or private agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Labor. The employer shall maintain a record of the dates and results of inspections for each hoisting machine and piece of equipment.
(g) - Crane or derrick suspended personnel platforms.
(4) - Personnel Platforms.
(i) - Design criteria.
(A) - The personnel platform and suspension system shall be designed by a qualified engineer or a qualified person competent in structural design.
(ii) – Platform specifications.
(H) - All welding of the personnel platform and its components shall be performed by a qualified welder familiar with the weld grades, types and material specified in the platform design.
(5) - Trial lift, inspections and proof testing.
(iv) - A visual inspection of the crane or derrick, rigging, personnel platform, and the crane or derrick base support or ground shall be conducted by a competent person immediately after the trial lift to determine whether the testing has exposed any defect or produced any adverse effect upon any component or structure.
(6) – Work practices.
(vi) - Employees being hoisted shall remain in continuous sight of and in direct communication with the operator or signal person. In those situations where direct visual contact with the operator is not possible, and the use of a signal person would create a greater hazard for the person, direct communication alone such as by radio may be used.
(8) - Pre-lift meeting.
(i) - A meeting attended by the crane or derrick operator, signal person(s) (if necessary for the lift), employee(s) to be lifted, and the person responsible for the task to be performed shall be held to review the appropriate requirements of paragraph (g) of this section and the procedures to be followed.
(ii) - This meeting shall be held prior to the trial lift at each new work location, and shall be repeated for any employees newly assigned to the operation.